Commercial Leasing and Finance PLC

ICRA Lanka reaffirms the ratings of Commercial Leasing and Finance PLC

Commercial Leasing and Finance PLC

Instrument Rated Amount (LKR Mn) Rating Action
Issuer rating N/A [SL]A (Stable); reaffirmed
Listed Senior Unsecured Redeemable Debenture Programme 5,000 [SL]A (Stable); reaffirmed

Rating action:

ICRA Lanka Limited, subsidiary of ICRA Limited, group company of Moody’s Investors Service, has reaffirmed the issuer rating of [SL]A with stable outlook for Commercial Leasing and Finance PLC (“CLC” /”the Company”) and the issue rating of [SL]A with stable outlook for the LKR 5,000 Mn Listed, Senior, Unsecured, Redeemable Debenture Programme of the Company.


ICRA Lanka has taken the consolidated performance of the LOLC group, which has interest in various segments including financial services, insurance, manufacturing, trading, plantation, renewable energy and leisure for arriving at the ratings.

The ratings factor in the group’s long track record and leadership position in the Sri Lankan retail finance market, its experienced management team, commensurate risk management systems and its adequate funding profile. ICRA Lanka also takes note of the weakening in the asset quality profile of its Sri Lanka based non-bank finance companies (NBFCs) and the deterioration in the overall earnings profile during 9MFY2019, as interest spreads narrowed and credit costs increased. ICRA Lanka takes cognisance of the increase in the overdues in the softer buckets (<180 days past due) for the Sri Lanka based NBFCs and, the increase in the share of unsecured credit in the overall group’s lending business, which is expected to keep portfolio vulnerability at higher levels in the near to medium term. The ratings also take note of the increase in the group leverage, although the portfolio growth of the entities in the financial services was relatively muted; the group is expected to divest its holdings in one of the overseas subsidiaries in the near term and use part of the proceeds to reduce the group level leverage. ICRA Lanka would closely monitor the asset quality performance and the extent of deleveraging over the next 1-2 quarters.

While ICRA Lanka takes cognisance of the diversification to newer geographies (Cambodia, Myanmar, Indonesia and Pakistan) over the recent past by the LOLC group, ability to manage country specific risks across business and regulatory cycles would be crucial from a rating perspective. Further, ICRA Lanka would continue to monitor the performances of the nonfinancial services entities and their contribution to the overall group going forward.

Outlook: Stable

ICRA Lanka believes that the LOLC group, on the back of its established presence, business experience and funding raising ability, would be able grow its business and provide timely and adequate capital support to the various group entities. The outlook may be revised to ‘Negative’ in case a further weakening in the profitability, capitalisation and asset quality indicators of the group. The outlook maybe revised to ‘Positive’ in case of a significant improvement in overall financial profile of group and if the portfolio profile and asset quality improves. 

Key rating drivers:

Credit strengths

Experienced management team and good risk management systems: LOLC group is one of the largest financial conglomerates in Sri Lanka with a history spanning more than 30 years. The group’s operations can be broadly identified under financial and non-financial sectors. Finance sector (including insurance) contributed closer to 99% of the asset base and 93% of the gross income in FY2018. The LOLC group has an experienced senior management team, with knowledge in retail lending and banking, for managing its group operations including the foreign entities. The group has centralised the key business functions like IT & MIS, human resources, finance & accounts and risk management. The centralised model gives competitive advantage to LOLC group entities by optimising the overall operating cost.  The group has a prudent loan origination policy and effective loan monitoring process, which provides them with early warning signals and helps them in adjusting the loan policies in line with the evolving credit trends.

Fairly diversified group level exposures; increase in the share of micro-credit however is monitorable: LOLC group has diversified its finance sector operations to Cambodia, Myanmar, Indonesia and Pakistan over the recent past. LOLC group reported a consolidated loan portfolio of LKR 619 Bn in Sep-18. In Sep-18, LOLC’s largest lending portfolio exposure was in Cambodia with 61% followed by Sri Lanka 38%, Myanmar, Pakistan and Indonesia accounted for the rest. The group’s overall overseas entities accounted for 53% of the total assets as of Mar-18 and contributed for 34% of the gross income. Going forward, the Company is expecting to further diversify its global presence to East Asia and Africa. LOLC group’s local financial sector subsidiaries have diversified their operations into all districts and offer diverse loans products. However, in Cambodia, the group largely extends micro-credit. As of Sep-18, close to 78% of the loan portfolio was contributed by the micro-credit segment, the borrower profile of which is modest and vulnerable to adverse economic cycles. The LOLC group’s non-financial sector consists of manufacturing, trading, leisure, entertainment, plantations and renewable energy. The non-financial sector performance was impacted by the weak performance in the leisure sector segment, while the contribution from the other segments continued to remain very modest.

Adequate funding profile: LOLC group has a diverse funding profile, with funding from various sources including, foreign funding agencies, local banks and public deposits. As of Dec-18, 48% of the group’s funds were sourced through short and long-term borrowings and 52% was through deposits. LOLC group’s NBFC subsidiaries maintain a lower short-term (< 1 year) mismatch that are below the industry averages. Deposits accounted for 63% of the PRASAC’s funding in Sep-18 while LOLC Cambodia and LOLC Myanmar are largely funded by borrowings from banks and other funding institutes with a 58% and 84% exposure in Sep-18.

Credit challenges

Weakened asset quality of Sri Lankan NBFCs: Consolidated gross NPA of the Sri Lankan NBFCs stood at 5.29% (4.62% in Dec-17) while foreign operations reported gross NPAs of 0.74% (0.54% in Dec-17) as in Sep-18. The performance of the Lankan operations was impacted by the subdued macroeconomic conditions which was further accentuated by adverse weather patterns and Government announcement of micro loan waivers in 12 districts. Build-up in the 90+days past due (dpd) for the Lankan based NBFCs of the group has been quite significant, indicating further stress; 90+dpd for the Lankan based NBFCs increased to 11.1% in Dec-18 from 7.2% in Dec-17. The group has slowed down the growth of the portfolio in Sri Lanka to consolidate the portfolio and concentrate on collections. The group has augmented its focus on recoveries, appointing a special taskforce to negotiate with the NPA customers and curtailing the unsecured loans. ICRA Lanka also notes the increase in the share of unsecured credit and microfinance in the overall group’s NBFC exposure because of its foreign expansion, unsecured credit stood at 68% in Sep-18, as compared to 63% in Mar-18 (58% in Mar-17). High exposure to these segments increases the group portfolio vulnerability to any adverse regulatory or business development.

Deterioration in group earnings: Consolidated RoA declined to 1.56% for 9MFY2019 from 2.61% in FY2018 (2.0% in FY2017; adjusted for one-time gains). The moderation was largely because of the contraction in interest margins as cost of funds increased and the high credit cost in its Lankan NBFCs. LOLC’s standalone earnings comprised mainly of fee income from shared services and interest income from lending to subsidiaries. Foreign subsidiaries contributed close to 34.4% of the group’s income in FY2018 with Cambodian operations contributing 33.7% of the group income. LOLC’s Manufacturing, Trading, Plantations and Renewable Energy segments from the nonfinancial sector reported moderate earnings performance during H1FY2019, while its leisure and entertainment sector continued to report losses as operations are yet to commence in some of its new investments.

Increase in the group leverage: LOLC group’s consolidated gearing increased to 6.2 times in Dec-18 (6.7 times in Mar-18) from 6.1 times in Mar-17. LOFC, the largest Sri Lanka based NBFC of the group, reported a moderate capital adequacy ratio (based on the new regulation) of 11.94% in Dec-18 (11.03% in Sep-18) as compared to the regulatory requirement of 10.00% and would require regular capital infusion, over the next 2-3 years, to support growth and for maintaining a comfortable capitalisation profile. Similarly, LDFP would require capital support, notwithstanding its currently adequate capitalisation (CAR at 17.53% in Dec-18), if the portfolio grows at higher pace (30% CAGR over FY2019-FY2022), as envisaged. CLC reported a healthy capital adequacy ratio (based on new regulation) of 18.35% in Dec-18 (17.76% in Sep-18). Considering CLC’s current capital profile and projected growth (10-15% CAGR over FY2019-FY2022), it may not require any significant capital. The group expects close to USD 20 Mn capital investments in its overseas financial subsidiaries, the funding would be sourced through foreign entities without pressuring the local holding company.  The group is expected to divest its holdings in one of the overseas subsidiaries in the near term and use part of the proceeds to reduce the group level leverage and also support capital requirement of some of the group entities. The extent of group level deleveraging would be crucial from a rating perspective.

Analytical approach: For arriving at the ratings, ICRA has applied its rating methodologies as indicated below.

Links to applicable criteria:  ICRA Lanka’s Credit Rating Methodology for Non-Banking Financial Institutions

About CLC:

CLC was incorporated in the year 1988 as a Specialised Leasing Company. The LOLC Group acquired controlling stake and then 100% of the Company in 2008. The main product lines of CLC include leasing and loans for vehicles & equipment, and factoring. During FY2016, the Company started microfinance operations. CLC obtained the license to operate as a LFC in December 2011. Subsequently, CLC has also started offering savings and deposit products. CLC primarily operates with borrowers in the retail and MSME[1] segments. CLC was relisted in the Colombo Stock Exchange (CSE) on June 05, 2012 to comply with the requirements of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka (CBSL) and LOLC group currently has an effective equity stake of 99%. In November 2015, CLC acquired 94.35% stake in LOLC Development Finance PLC and the same was reduced to 44% after LDFP’s rights issue program in May 2017.

During the year ended March 31, 2018, CLC reported a net profit of LKR 2.1 Bn on a total asset base of LKR 73 Bn as compared to a net profit of LKR 1.7 Bn on a total asset base of LKR 78 Bn in the previous financial year. The Company reported a net profit of LKR 1.1 Bn on a total asset base of LKR 70 Bn in 9MFY2019.

Key financial indicators-CLC

Rating history for last three years:


Mr. Dasith Fernando

+94 11 4339907

Mr. Vidura Welathanthri

+94 11 4339907

Mr. A.M Karthik

+91 44 45964308


Mr. W. Don Barnabas  

+94 11 4339907

[1] MSME- micro, small and medium enterprises


Subsidiary of ICRA Limited

A Group Company of Moody's Investors Service

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Tel:+94 11 4339907;Fax:+94112333307;

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